What Is Sulfate-Free Shampoo? What Does It Do To Your Hair?
Sulfate is a salt that forms when sulphuric acid reacts with other chemicals. Although various types of sulfates are used across industries, sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) and sodium laureth sulfate (SLES) are the two most commonly used sulfates in the haircare industry.
These compounds are produced from petroleum and plant sources such as palm and coconut oil.
Sulfates are considered to be great cleaning agents.  Their primary purpose is to produce a rich lather when you wash your hair to help remove grime, oil, and dirt.
Although sulfates may often be regarded as a staple ingredient in shampoos, they might not be suitable for everyone, especially if you shampoo your hair every day.
Benefits Of Sulfate-Free Shampoo
Sulfates are aggressive detergents that may strip your hair of its natural moisture. Overusing sulfate shampoos can make your hair dry, rough, and brittle. It may also cause scalp-irritation in some people.
Since the benefits of using a sulfate-free shampoo outweigh its drawbacks, many people opt for it.
Some of the most significant benefits of using a sulfate-free shampoo include the following:
Sulfate-free shampoos help retain the natural moisture of the hair so that your hair does not lose its natural shine and softness.
If you have colored hair, sulfate-free shampoos are a blessing. Unlike their counterparts, these are gentle on the hair and won't strip your hair of its color too fast.
Sulfates are harsh on the scalp and may cause irritation and itchiness. Sulfate-free shampoos are much milder and can help you control scalp inflammation.
Sulfate-free shampoos are gentle for your eyes too. They don't produce an unpleasant burning experience if you accidentally get a bit of shampoo in your eye.
Since they are made mainly out of plant derivatives, sulfate-free shampoos are environmentally friendly.
Sulfate-free shampoos work wonders on low porosity hair, which means that your hair finds it difficult to gain moisture. They help moisturize your hair and tame frizz.
Sulfate-free shampoos help you avoid long-term exposure to possibly toxic chemical compounds.
Who Should Use Sulfate-Free Shampoo?
While sulfates effectively help remove oil and dirt, those with skin and scalp problems should try to avoid sulfate shampoos.
Credit to :Reviewed by ExpertDr. Kaustav Guha Director, R&D Division, SkinKraft Labs